Analysis of the impact of alternative enterprise interventions on poverty and livelihoods in rural Ghana

2017-12-19 08:58:10 Viewed: 347 Downloads: 106
  • Analysis of the impact of alternative enterprise interventions on poverty and livelihoods in rural Ghana

      Prince Osei-Wusu Adjei And JOyce Osei Adjei

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    Pub: 2017-12-19 08:58:10

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  • Despite the spate of urbanisation fuelled among other factors by rural-urban
    migration across the African region, majority of people continue to reside in
    rural communities with greater burden of poverty and livelihood vulnerabilities.
    Ghana’s case has not been different. However, in response to the high incidence
    of rural poverty, the seasonal nature of agricultural livelihoods and the
    attendant increase of unemployed youth engaged in rural-urban drift, successive
    governments of Ghana introduced and supported the Rural Enterprise Programme
    (REP) to promote livelihood diversification and restructuring of the rural
    economy. The REP phases I (1995-2002) and II (2003-2011) sought to contribute
    to the development of competitive rural medium and small-scale enterprises
    (MSEs) in beneficiary districts backed by good quality, relevant, sustainable and
    market-driven business development support services. For almost two decades
    of implementation, the REP has run on policy assumption that, focusing on
    direct agricultural activities alone cannot produce substantial rural poverty
    reduction and support the actualisation of the sustainable development goals
    (SDGs) in rural Ghana. However, performance of the REP on its assumption
    requires verification. Following mixed research techniques, this paper uses
    the experiences of selected beneficiary communities from the AjumakoEnyan-Essiam District to examine how the alternative livelihood development interventions of the REP have impacted rural livelihoods and poverty. The extent to which rural enterprise development interventions have engendered livelihood diversification and affected the asset-base of rural households, and
    how the interventions have produced positive livelihood outcomes and poverty
    reduction in the intervention area studied are discussed in this paper.

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  • Keywords

    Rural Development, Poverty, Livelihoods, Micro-enterprise Development, Ghana


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